By 1900 he had developed his distinctive figurative style, creating strong, energetic female nudes characterized by emotional restraint, stable forms and serene compositions. He received many important public commissions, including numerous war memorials commissioned after World War I. In 1944, he died in an automobile accident in Banyuls at the age of 83.
Maillol's work can be found in museums throughout the world, including The Museum of Modern Art in New York; The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.; The Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia; the Musée d' Orsay, Paris, France; The National Gallery of Australia, Canberra; the Ashmolean Museum at the University of Oxford, United Kingdom; The National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburg; and the Tate Gallery in London. A large collection of his work is maintained at the Musée Maillol in Paris, a museum established by Dina Vierny, Maillol's model and companion during the last ten years of his life.